Polk County

US States / N / North Carolina / Polk County

Polk County is named for William Polk, who was an officer in the American Revolutionary War and the first president of the State Bank of North Carolina.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Rutherford County

E – Rutherford County

S – Spartanburg County, South Carolina and Greenville County, South Carolina

W – Henderson County


Created:  January 20, 1855                    Map of North Carolina highlighting Polk County

County Seat: 

Columbus  1855 – present


County Courthouse – Columbus 


Location:  1 Courthouse Square / East Mills Street

Built:  1858 – 1859

Style:  Greek Revival

Architect:  Ephraim Clayton

Contractor:  George W Shackelton


Description:  The building faces southwest and is a two story red colored brick Italianate with structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Columbus. The building is a “T” shape with a northeast wing and has a portico on the southwest front supported by four large square white colored pillars rising to a pediment at the roof line. There is an extension on the east side. On the center of the roof is a square white colored base rising to a smaller square white colored cupola. The courtroom is located on the second story. The building was remodeled in the 1920’s and was remodeled from 1999 to 2008.


History:  The first courts were held in private homes. The first courthouse was a temporary building erected in 1855 in Columbus.  The second and present courthouse was constructed in 1858 to 1859.


County Justice – Administration – Columbus 




Location:  40 Courthouse Square / East Mills Street

Built:  1987 – 1988

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Carter Watkins Associates Architects Inc. of Monroe, Georgia

Contractor:  Sherman Construction Company Inc. of Greenville, South Carolina


Description:  The building faces northeast and is a two story red colored brick and concrete structure. The building has a recessed central entrance. The roof has a peak on the north and south sections. The roof line is flat. The building is names as the Bryant H Womack Justice and Administration Building.




County Courthouse – Columbus







County Justice-Administration – Columbus







Photos taken 2008