Caledonia County is named for the Latin word for “Scotland”.
Created: November 5, 1792
Saint Johnsbury 1792 – present
County Courthouse – Saint Johnsbury
Location: 1126 Main Street / Eastern Avenue
Built: 1855 – 1856
Architect: J D Tonle
Contractor: Horace Carpenter of E & T Fairbanks & Company.
Description: The building faces west and is a two story red colored brick structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of the city. The west front has a small one story portico supported by two columns. The center section has a long arched window on the second story and rises to a gable at the roof line. The windows are arched. On the roof is a square cupola with white colored pillars and flat roof. The roof is hipped. On the east side of the building is a new four story addition. The main courtroom is located on the second story.
Note: Horace Carpenter was the chief carpenter for E & T Fairbanks & Company and the engineer of the St. Johnsbury & Lamoille County Railroad. He also designed and built the courthouse in Orange County.
N – Orleans County
S – Orange County
Photos taken 2014 and 2018