Clay County

US States / A-G / Georgia / Clay County
Clay

Clay County is named for Henry Clay, who was an American statesman, U.S. Senator and Congressman from Kentucky 1806-1852, U.S. Secretary of State 1825-1829, three times Speaker of the House and three times candidate for president.

 

Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Quitman County

E – Randolph County and Calhoun County

S – Early County

W – Henry County. Alabama 

 

Created:  February 16, 1854                  Map of Georgia highlighting Clay County

County Seat: 

Fort Gaines  1854 – present

 

County Courthouse – Fort Gaines 

 

Location:  210 Washington Street South / Hartford Road

Built:  1871 – 1873

Style:  Italianate Renaissance Revival and Neo-Classical Revival

Architect:  Unknown

Contractor:  Unknown

 

Description:  The building faces west and is a two story white colored brick and wood frame structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Fort Gaines. The west front has a small portico with balcony on the second story and supported by two brick pillars. The roof is hipped. The interior has pine floors. The courtroom is located at the center of the second story. The seven spectator benches on each side of the single aisle have only fleur-de-lis end posts relieving their plainess. The building was renovated in 1939 by the Works Project Administration. On the east side is the two story Old Sheriff Residence.

 

See:  National Register of Historic Places – Clay County Courthouse

 

History:  The courthouse is the first and only courthouse erected in the county. The building is the oldest courthouse still in use in Georgia. The County minutes in Book B refer to the building of the courthouse on pages 195, 298, 335, 380 and 381, however, there is no mention of the names of the laborers working on the construction which took several years to complete.

 

 

948g20

County Courthouse – Fort Gaines

 

 

1805f09

 

 

1807f09

 

 

1804f09

 

 

1809f09

 

 

952g20

 

 

953g20

 

 

954g20

 

 

955g20

 

 

956g20

 

 

957g20

 

 

958g20

 

 

959g20

 

 

960g20

 

 

961g20

 

 

962g20

 

 

963g20

 

 

964g20

County Minutes – Book B

 

 

1811f09

 

 

970g20

Old Sheriff Residence

Photos taken 2009 and 2020