Nassau County

US States / A-G / Florida / Nassau County

Nassau County is named for the Nassau River, which was named for the Duchy of Nassau in Germany in honor of King William III of the house of Orange-Nassau.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

– Charlton County, Georgia and Camden County, Georgia

E – Atlantic Ocean

S – Duval County

W – Baker County and Charlton County. Georgia


Created:  December 29, 1824                Map of Florida highlighting Nassau County

County Seat:

Sand Hill                 1824 – 1861

Fernandina Beach  1861 – present


County Courthouse – Fernandina Beach


Location:  410 Center Street / South 5th Street

Built:  1891 – 1892

Style:  Italianate

Architect:  A E McClure of Jacksonville

Contractor:  W H Mann of Fernandina


Description: The building faces north and is a two story dark red colored brick and wood structure. The building is located in the center of Fernandina Beach. The north front has a high square brick clock tower with white colored wood cupola and clock at the top. The bell in the tower was cast by Meneely & Company of West Troy, New York. The first story entrance has three arches with two thin columns. The windows are arched with an arched entrance on the east side. An addition was added after 1909. In 1953 to 1955, a two story brick addition was added on the west side. The architect was Abner C Hopkins of Jacksonville and the contractor was Clyde Knowles Company of Jacksonville. The building was renovated in 2002. The architect was RQH Architects Inc. and the contractor was The Auchter Company.


Note:  The bid of W H Mann of Fernandina was accepted at $20,614 and the final cost was $25,036. Clark and Loftus furnished the courthouse for $2050 and J W Mason and Company supplied the chairs. The courthouse is the second oldest courthouse in Florida and the oldest courthouse is located in Osceola County.


County Justice Center – Yulee




Location:  76347 Veteran’s Way / William Burgess Road

Built:  2002 – 2003

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Spillis Candela of Coral Gables and Smith McCrary Architects Inc. of Jacksonville

Contractor:  The Haskett Company of Jacksonville


Description: The building faces northwest and is a three story dark red colored brick, concrete and glass structure. The building is located on the south side of Yulee on spacious landscaped grounds with a pond along the west side. The two wings are organized around a three story atrium lobby and a monumental stairway which connects all three floors. The two wings define a multi level plaza which is highlighted by a 130 foot high clock tower. The brick façade is clad with precast trim embellishments for the entry pavilion, cornices, trim and the two story Tuscan classical colonnade. The building is named as the Robert Foster Justice Center. 


History:  The first courthouse was constructed in Fernandina Beach in 1891 to 1892 after the county seat was moved from Sand Hill in 1861. The County Justice Center was constructed in 2002 to 2004.




County Courthouse – Fernandina Beach































County Justice Center – Yulee































Photos taken 2009 and 2018