Escambia County

US States / A-G / Florida / Escambia County

Escambia County is named for the Escambia River which name comes from a Spanish word for “barter” or “exchange”, or from the Creek Native American word “Shambia” meaning “clear water”.


Created:  July 21, 1821

County Seat:

Pensacola  1821 – present


County Courthouse – Pensacola 


Location:  190 West Government Street / South Baylen Street

Built:  1977 – 1978

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Hugh J Leitch, Ellis W Bullock, Look & Morrison, Marshall & McNeal and Hennington, Durham & Richards

Contractor:  Dyson & Company


Description: The building faces east and is a five story buff colored concrete and glass structure. The building is located on spacious landscaped grounds in the center of Pensacola. The east  front has a projecting section with large open square arch and glass walls along the south side. The building rises in a series of projecting square modules. The building is named as the M C Blanchard Judicial Building and was remodeled in 1999.


Old County Courthouse – Pensacola 




Location:  221 Palafox Street / West Government Street

Built:  1887 – 1888

Style:  Renaissance Revival

Architect:  Mifflin Emien Bell

Contractor:   Mifflin Emien Bell and S S Leonard. ( stone mason )


Description: The building faces east and is a three story gray colored limestone and concrete structure. The building is located in the center of Pensacola. The east front has a wide portico supported by four sets of double columns rising to a balcony on the second story. There are three recessed doorways. The center section of the building is recessed. Along the edge of the hipped room are dormers. The building served as the United States Customs and Post Office until 1938 when the County took possession. The architect for the remodeling in 1938 to 1939 was Fulghum & McMurrian. The building was renovated in 2006 and connected to the new Administration Building on the northeast corner.


History:  The first courthouse was a building on Plaza Ferdinand VII from 1840 to 1866 when it was destroyed by fire. The second courthouse was the Old Market House at Main Street and Palafox Street. The third courthouse was a two story brick structure on the northeast corner of Palafox Street and Chase Street designed by Palliser & Palliser of New York City, New York and was constructed by S S Harvey in 1883 to 1885 at a cost of $41,950. The building was razed in 1938. The fourth courthouse was the old Post Office constructed in 1885 to 1887. During the remodeling, the court was housed in the Blount Building at 3 West Garden Street, a seven story building constructed in 1906 to 1907 by Charles Hill Turner. The fifth and present courthouse was constructed in 1977 to 1978.

Note:  The previous courthouse built in 1885 was designed by Palliser & Palliser of New York City, New York, who also designed the old courthouse in Knox County, Tennessee


County Administration – Pensacola 




Location:  221 Palafox Street / West Government Street

Built:  2004 – 2006

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Hatch Mott MacDonald Caldwell Associates and Spencer Maxwell Bullock, Architects

Contractor:   Turner Construction Company and Benchmark Construction Corporation


Description: The building faces south and is a four story buff colored brick and concrete  structure. The building is located in the center of Pensacola. The main entrance is recessed with the old courthouse on the east side and a west wing on the west side.  The entrance has a recessed glass doorway with grill work on the second story and large glass windows on the third and fourth stories. The east entrance is along the north side of the old courthouse. The roof line is flat.



– Escambia County, Alabama

E – Santa Rosa County

S – Gulf of Mexico

W – Baldwin County, Alabama





County Courthouse – Pensacola










Old County Courthouse – Pensacola







County Administration – Pensacola







Photos taken 2009