Alachua County

US States / A-G / Florida / Alachua County
Alachua

Alachua County is named for either the Muskogee or Timucua Native American word meaning “sinkhole”.

 

Surrounding County Courthouses: 

– Columbia CountyUnion County and Bradford County

E – Clay County and Putnam County

S – Marion County and Levy County

W – Gilchrist County

 

Created:  February 29, 1824                  Map of Florida highlighting Alachua County

County Seat:

St. Augustine ( St. Johns )   1824 – 1839

Newnanville                         1839 – 1854

Gainesville                          1854 – present

 

County Courthouse – Gainesville

 

Location:  201 East University Avenue / SE 3rd Street

Built:  1978 – 1979

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Craig, Balley & Associates of Gainesville

Contractor:  Charles R Perry Construction, Inc. of Gainesville

 

Description:  The building faces west and is a four story concrete and glass structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Gainesville and has a number of protruding sections with vertical concrete divisions and horizontal bands. The fourth story extends out from the main building. The west front has a large central glass wall above the entrance. The building is named as the Judicial Building.

 

Old County Courthouse – Gainesville

 

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Location:  12 SE 1st Avenue / South Main Street

Built:  1957 – 1958

Style:  Modern / Art Deco

Architect:  Arthur L Campbell Jr.  of Campbell, O’Kelly & May

Contractor:  H H Parrish and M M Parrish

 

Description:  The building faces east and is a four story concrete and glass structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Gainesville. The east front has a central glass entrance on the first story, A high concrete clock tower rises towards the north section. The large windows are horizontal. On the northwest a two story wing extends west. In the interior is the lion statue from the 1885 courthouse. The building houses county offices. An extension was added on the north side in 1962. The architect was Arthur L Campbell Jr. of Haines & O’Kelly and the contractor was Arnold & Wright, Inc. The building served as courthouse from 1958 until 1978.

 

County Criminal Justice Courthouse – Gainesville

 

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Location:  220 South Main Street / SW 2nd Avenue

Built:  2003 – 2004

Style:  Modern

Architect:   DLR Group of Orlando

Contractor:  PPI Construction Management of Gainesville

 

Description:  The building faces east and is a five story buff colored brick, concrete and glass structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Gainesville. The main building on the west has vertical dividers between the windows with the stories below the fifth story projecting. The entrance section extends eastwards to the street line. The building is named as the Criminal Justice Center.

 

History:  Newnansville became the county seat in 1839. Court continued to meet in St Augustine in St Johns County. A land office was built in 1842 and the first courthouse was built in Newnansville in 1850. The county seat was moved to Gainesville in 1854. The second courthouse was a frame structure erected in 1856. The third courthouse was built in 1885 to 1886 at a cost of $31,000. The architect was H J Campbell and the contractor was H Murphy and H W Roberts. The bid for the construction of the 1958 fourth courthouse was $348,627. The fifth and present courthouse was constructed in 1978 to 1979. The County Criminal Justice Center was constructed in 2003 to 2004.

 

 

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County Courthouse – Gainesville

 

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Old County Courthouse – Gainesville

 

 

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Lion statue from 1885 courthouse

 

 

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County Criminal Justice Center – Gainesville

 

 

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Photos taken 2009 and 2018