Alachua County

US States / A-G / Florida / Alachua County

Alachua County is named for either the Muskogee or Timucua Native American word meaning “sinkhole”.


Created:  February 29, 1824

County Seat:

St. Augustine ( St. Johns )  1824 – 1853

Newnanville                        1853 – 1854

Gainesville                          1854 – present


County Courthouse – Gainesville


Location:  201 East University Avenue / SE 3rd Street

Built:  1978 – 1979

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Craig, Balley & Associates of Gainesville

Contractor:  Charles R Perry Construction, Inc. of Gainesville


Description:  The building faces west and is a four story concrete and glass structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds and has a number of protruding sections with vertical concrete divisions and horizontal bands. The fourth story extends out from the main building. The west front has a large central glass wall above the entrance. The building is named as the Judicial Building.


Old County Courthouse – Gainesville




Location:  12 SE 1st Avenue / South Main Street

Built:  1957 – 1958

Style:  Modern / Art Deco

Architect:  Arthur L Campbell Jr.  of Campbell, O’Kelly & May

Contractor:  H H Parrish and M M Parrish


Description:  The building faces east and is a four story concrete and glass structure. The building faces east and was completed in 1958. The building is located on landscaped grounds. The east front has a central glass entrance on the first story, A high concrete clock tower rises towards the north section. The large windows are horizontal. On the northwest a two story wing extends west. In the interior is the lion statue from the 1885 courthouse. The building houses county offices. An extension was added on the north side in 1962. The architect was Arthur L Campbell Jr. of Haines & O’Kelly and the contractor was Arnold & Wright, Inc. The building served as courthouse from 1958 until 1978.


Note:  The previous courthouse was built in 1885 to 1886 at a cost of $31,000. The architect was H J Campbell and the contractor was H Murphy and H W Roberts. The bid for the construction of the 1958 courthouse was $348,627,


County Criminal Justice Courthouse – Gainesville




Location:  220 South Main Street / SW 2nd Avenue

Built:  2003 – 2004

Style:  Modern

Architect:   DLR Group of Orlando

Contractor:  PPI Construction Management of Gainesville


Description:  The building faces east and is a five story buff colored brick, concrete and glass structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds. The main building on the west has vertical dividers between the windows with the stories below the fifth story projecting. The entrance section extends eastwards to the street line. The building is namesd as the Criminal Justice Center.



Columbia County, Union County and Bradford County

E – Clay County and Putnam County

S – Marion County and Levy County

W – Gilchrist County





County Courthouse















Old County Courthouse




















Lion statue from 1885 courthouse




County Criminal Justice Center










Photos taken 2009 and 2018