Caswell County

US States / N / North Carolina / Caswell County
Caswell -O

Caswell County is named for Richard Caswell, who was a member of the first Continental Congress and the first governor of North Carolina after the Declaration of Independence.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Pittsylvania County, Virginia, Danville, Virginia and Halifax County, Virginia

E – Person County 

S – Orange County and Alamance County

W – Rockingham County


Created:  April 8, 1777                           Map of North Carolina highlighting Caswell County

County Seat: 

Yanceyville  1777 – present


Old County Courthouse – Yanceyville  


Location:  144 Courthouse Square / West Main St & North Avenue

Built:  1858 – 1861

Style:  Italian Romanesque

Architect:  William Percival

Contractor:  David McKnight of Greensboro


Description:  The building faces north and is a two story yellow colored stuccoed brick structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Yanceyville.  Each side has three rectangular openings on the first story and three arched openings on the second story. The roof overhangs and forms a semi-circle over center sections. On the center of the roof is an octagonal cupola. In the interior, the first story has heavy wood trim consisting of high molded baseboards, wide molded architraves and flat panels beneath the window sills. The courtroom is located on the second story. The judge’s bench is a richly paneled cabinet, set in front of a deep plastered alcove framed by a wide molded plaster surround with Corinthian colonnettes. Cast-iron railings of ornate foliate design partition the jury, prosecution and defense areas in a semi-circular zone around the bench. The ceiling, worthy of a Victorian opera house, contains deeply paneled coffers, separated by richly molded plaster ribs which radiate out from a center circular coffer with an openwork plaster medallion. The ribs extend onto the walls and terminate in plaster foliate corbels. At the rear of the courthouse is the old two story red colored brick jail.


Note:  In 1861, the amount paid to William Percival as architect was $200, and the amount paid to David McKnight of Greensboro, as contractor and who was a mason by trade, was $25,000.


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Caswell County Courthouse


County Courthouse – Yanceyville  




Location:  139 East Church Street / North Avenue

Built:  1974 – 1975

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Echols-Sparger & Associates of Marion, Virginia

Contractor:  John W Daniel & Company, Inc. of Danville, Virginia


Description:  The building faces south and is a two story concrete structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Yanceyville.  The south front has a central entrance on the second story. The vertical windows are narrow. The first story is below ground level. The roof line is flat. The building houses the County Superior Court and County District Court of the 17th Judicial District.  


See:  The 17th Judicial District includes Rockingham County, Stokes County and Surry County.


History:  The county was created in 1777 and Leasburg was selected as the county seat. The first court met at the home of Thomas Douglas in 1777 in Leasburg (now in Person County). The first courthouse was erected in Leasburg shortly after. In 1792 the county was divided and the county seat was moved to Yanceyville where the second courthouse was erected. The third courthouse was designed and built by John Berry, a carpenter-builder from Hillsborough in 1831 to 1833 and was damaged by fire in 1857. The fourth courthouse was constructed in 1858 to 1861 at a cost of $28,000 and is still standing. The fifth and present courthouse was constructed in 1974 to 1975.




Old County Courthouse – Yanceyville



















Old County Courthouse – Yanceyville




County Courthouse – Yanceyville
















Photos taken 2012