Phelps County

US States / M / Missouri / Phelps County

Phelps County is named for John S Phelps, who was a politician, soldier during the American Civil War and the twenty-third Governor of Missouri.


Created:  November 13, 1857

County Seat:

Rolla  1857 – present


County Courthouse – Rolla  


Location:  200 North Main Street / West 2nd Street

Built:  1993 – 1994

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Stack & Associates, Inc. of St. James

Contractor:  Rankin Construction Company of St. Louis


Description: The building faces northeast and is a two story red colored brick, concrete and glass structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of the city. The northeast front has four vertical glass panels and rises to a peak at the roof line. From the center extend a north wing and an east wing with pitched roofs and small windows. The building sits on the side of a slope with the basement entrance on the south side.


Old County Courthouse – Rolla  




Location:  East 3rd Street / North Main Street

Built:  1860 – 1861

Style:  Georgian Revival

Architect:  P J Lynch and Andrew Malcolm

Contractor:  P J Lynch and Andrew Malcolm


Description: The building faces north and is a two story red colored sand-mud brick structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of the city and is  45 feet by 65 feet. The north front has a central entrance on the first story with small balcony above on the second story. The roof is gabled. The corners of the building have stone trim.  On the roof is a large square open cupola. Vault wings were added after 1881 on the east and west sides., and the jail was added in 1912. The cupola was removed in the 1940’s.



N – Maries County and Gasconade County

E – Crawford County and Dent County

S – Dent County and Texas County

W – Pulaski County





County Courthouse
















Old County Courthouse




Photos taken 2009