New Madrid County

US States / M / Missouri / New Madrid County

New Madrid County is named for Madrid, the capital of Spain.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Stoddart County and Scott County

E – Mississippi County Fulton County, Kentucky and Lake County, Tennessee

S – Pemiscot County

W – Dunklin County and Stoddart County


Created:  October 1, 1812                      Map of Missouri highlighting New Madrid County

County Seat: 

New Madrid   1812 – 1814

Big Prairie      1814

Rossville        1814 – 1819

Winchester    1819 – 1822

New Madrid   1822 – present


County Courthouse – New Madrid


Location:  450 Main Street / Virginia Avenue

Built:  1915 – 1919

Style:  Greek Revival

Architect:  H G Clymer of St. Louis

Contractor:  Interstate Building and Construction Company


Description:  The building faces east and is a two story gray colored brick and concrete structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of New Madrid. The building is 107 feet by 75 feet. The east front has a large portico supported by two large columns which rise to a pediment at the roof line. The entrance is recessed. The roof is sloped. The building houses the County Circuit Court of the 34th Judicial Circuit. W W Taylor of Cape Girardeau completed the interior work.


See:  The 34th Judicial Circuit includes New Madrid County and Pemiscot County


History:  The county was created in 1812 and New Madrid was selected as the county seat. In 1814, the county seat was moved to Big Prairie and then to Rossville where the jail, a log structure was built in 1817 and served as the first courthouse. In 1819, the county seat was moved to Winchester and the second courthouse, another log structure was built. In 1822, the county seat was returned to New Madrid and the third courthouse, a frame structure was built in 1822 and later sold in 1854. The fourth courthouse was built in 1854 at a cost of $2,950 and was destroyed by fire on September 24, 1905. The county offices were housed in various buildings until the construction of the fifth and present courthouse began in 1915. Due to World War I and the labor force being reduced, W W Taylor, a master builder from Cape Girardeau, superintended finished the interior work, which was completed in January 1919. The cost of construction of the courthouse was $100,000.




County Courthouse – New Madrid













Photos taken 2009