Gasconade County

US States / M / Missouri / Gasconade County

Gasconade County is named for the Gasconade River which river derives its name from the French word “gascon” meaning “braggart” and could be an old    satirical name describing those who boast about their adventures upon return to St. Louis.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Montgomery County and Warren County

E – Franklin County

S – Crawford County and Phelps County

W – Maries County and Osage County


Created:  November 25, 1820                Map of Missouri highlighting Gasconade County

County Seat:

Gasconade City  1821 – 1825

Bartonville           1825 – 1832

Mount Sterling     1832 – 1842

Hermann             1842 – present


County Courthouse –  Hermann


Location:  119 East 1st Street / Market Street

Built:  1897 – 1898

Style:  Beaux Arts

Architect:  Jerome Bibb Legg of St. Louis and A W Elsner of Jefferson City

Contractor:  H J Wallau.


Description:  The building faces south and is a two story red colored brick and stone  structure. The building is located on the landscaped grounds of a bluff in the center of Hermann. The south front has a portico with three arches on the first story and eight thin Corinthian columns on the second story with pediment above. The building is 143 feet by 88 feet and sits atop a hill along the Missouri River. The base of the building is course limestone. On the center of the roof is an octagonal dome with white colored roof. The interior has a central rotunda under the dome. The County Circuit Court courtroom is located on the second story. The building houses the County Circuit Court of the 20th Judicial Circuit.


See:  The architect, Jerome Bibb Legg of St. Louis, Missouri, also designed the courthouse in Ballard CountyKentucky and in Shelby County, St. Charles County and Ste. Genevieve County, Missouri.


See:  The 20th Judicial District covers Franklin County, Gasconade County and Osage County.


History:  The county was created in 1820 and Gasconade City was selected as the county seat in 1821. The first court met in private homes. The county seat was moved to Bartonville in 1825. The first courthouse located at was  a two story log structure built by Joshua Cox in 1830 at a cost of $300. Because of flooding, the county seat was moved to Mount Sterling in 1832 and then to Hermann in 1842. The second courthouse was a two story brick structure built in Hermann in 1842 at a cost of $3,000.  The third and present courthouse was constructed in 1897 to 1898 at a cost of $41,500.




County Courthouse – Hermann






















County Circuit Court courtroom










Photos taken 2009