Neosho County

US States / H-L / Kansas / Neosho County

Neosho County is named for the Neosho River which name is derived from the Osage Indian word “ne-o-sho” or “ne-u-zhu” meaning “clear water”.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Allen County

E – Bourbon County and Crawford County

S – Labette County

W – Wilson County


Created:  June 3, 1861                           Map of Kansas highlighting Neosho County

County Seat:

Erie                    1864 – 1868

Osage Mission  1868 – 1874

Erie                    1874 – present


County Courthouse – Erie


Location:  100 South Main Street / East 1st Street

Built:  1961 – 1962

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Kiene & Bradley Architects of Topeka

Contractor:  Deill Construction Company.


Description:  The building faces west and is a one story cream colored brick, glass and concrete structure. The building is located in the center of Erie. The west front has a high peaked section towards the south, with six pillars supporting an overhang with glass entrance. The section to the north has narrow vertical windows. There is another entrance on the north side.


See:  The architect, Kiene & Bradley Architects of Topeka, designed courthouses in Coffey County, Greeley County, Jefferson CountyLogan County, Morris County and Wilson County.


History:  The county seat was designated as Erie in 1868 but was transferred to Osage Mission until it returned to Erie in 1874. The first courthouse was erected shortly after. The second courthouse was designed by George P Washburn & Son and constructed by Dannelly & Halfin in 1904. The building was demolished after the third and present courthouse was constructed in .1961 to 1962.


County Judicial Building – Chanute


Location:  102  South Lincoln Avenue / East 1st Street

Built:  1905 – 1906

Style:  Prairie

Architect:  A T Simmons of Bloomington, Illinois

Contractor:  C H Mills


Description:  The building is a two story cream colored brick and concrete structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Chanute. The west front has a large stone trimmed arch with recessed entrance. The rectangular shaped building sits on a rusticated limestone block raised foundation. The roof is hipped. The building was formerly the Carnegie Library and is now the County Judicial Building. 




County Courthouse – Erie



















Picture 1904 County Courthouse

Photos taken 2009