Nemaha County

US States / H-L / Kansas / Nemaha County

Nemaha County is named for the Native American Otoe word “Ne-ma-ha” meaning “muddy water” or “swampy water” which applied to the Nemaha River. The word may have refered to “water of the Omahas”, “further up water”,”water of cultivation” or “no papose”.



Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Pawnee County, Nebraska and Richardson County, Nebraska

E – Brown County and Jackson County

S – Jackson County and Pottawatomie County

W – Marshall County


Created:  August 25, 1855                     Map of Kansas highlighting Nemaha County

County Seat:

Richmond  1855 – 1861

Seneca      1861 – present


County Courthouse – Seneca 


Location:  607 Nemaha Street / North 5th Street

Built:  1954 – 1955

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Thomas, Harris, Calvin & Associates

Contractor:  Edmonds Construction Company


Description:  The building faces south and is a one story light red-orange colored brick, glass and concrete structure. The building is located on spacious landscaped grounds in the center of Seneca. The entrance is along the east end of the south side. The entrance is recessed with glass doors. On the east side is a stone faced section. On the west side the roof overhangs and it does on the east side of the building. The roof line is flat.


History:  The first county seat was Richmond and the store owned by A G Woodward was the county office. The county was attached to Brown County until 1861 for judicial purposes. The first courthouse was built by the Seneca Town Company comprising S Lappin, F Lappin, R U Tory, JB Ingersoll and C G Scrafford in Seneca in 1858. The county seat was moved to Seneca in 1861 and the courthouse burned in December. The second courthouse was a one story frame structure at Main Street and Castle Street erected by the Seneca Town Company in 1861. In 1872, the third courthouse was a brick structure was erected at a cost of $29,173. The courthouse burned on March 4, 1876. The fourth courthouse was constructed by James A McGonagle, of Leavenworth in 1877 at a cost of $20,138. The courthouse was remodeled in 1896 and was later demolished. The fifth and present courthouse was constructed in 1954 to 1955.




County Courthouse – Seneca










Photos taken 2009