Marion County

US States / H-L / Iowa / Marion County
Marion

Marion County is named for Francis Marion, who was a general in the American Revolutionary War and who lived from 1732 to 1795.

 

Surrounding County Courthouses:

N – Jasper County

E – Mahaska County

S – Monroe County and Lucas County 

W – Warren County

 

Created:  June 10, 1845                         Map of Iowa highlighting Marion County

County Seat:

Knoxville  1846 – present

 

County Courthouse – Knoxville

 

Location:  214 East Main Street / South 3rd Street

Built:  1896

Style:  Romanesque

Architect:  Mifflin Emien Bell

Contractor:  Charles A Moses

 

Description: The building faces west and is a three story gray colored sandstone structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds of the Courthouse Square in the center of Knoxville. The center section projects from the main building with entrance having triple bynian arches on granite columns on the first story. Above is a large arched window on the second story rising to an arched window at the roof level. There are small dormers along the hipped roof and corner turrets and patterned stonework. In the center of the building is a high square stone bell tower with open arch, clock above and steep peaked roof. In the interior there is a central rotunda rising to the top of the third story with decorative railings at each story. Stairs ascend to the third story and have decorative designed railings. In the basement are the original j\iron jail cells. The County District Court courtroom is located on the north side of the third story. The courtroom is circular with stained glass windows along the north side and a stained glass light fixture at the center. There is a long curved rail and desks of carved wood. The building was remodeled in 1979 with changes to the courtroom.

 

See:  The architect, Mifflin Emien Bell also designed the courthouses in Illinois in DuPage County and  Mercer County and in Wisconsin in Monroe County. 

 

See:  National Register of Historic Places – Marion County Courthouse

 

See:  The 5A Judicial District includes Dallas County, Guthrie County, Jasper County, Madison County and Warren County.

 

History:  The county was created in 1845 and Knoxville was selected as the county seat in 1846 when the county was organized. The first courthouse was a wood frame structure built in 1846 at a cost of $700. The second courthouse was a two story brick structure on a stone foundation built in 1856 at a cost of $20,000. The cost of construction of the present courthouse was $80,000.

 

                       

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County Courthouse - Knoxville 

 

 

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County District Court courtroom

 

 

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Photos taken 2008 and 2024