Fremont County

US States / H-L / Iowa / Fremont County

Fremont County is named for John Charles Fremont, who was a United States general, explorer and presidential candidate.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Mills County

E – Page County  

S – Atchison County, Missouri

W – Otoe County, Nebraska and Cass County, Nebraska


Created:  February 24, 1847                  Map of Iowa highlighting Fremont County

County Seat:

Austin   1850 – 1851

Sidney  1851 – present


County Courthouse – Sidney


Location:  506 Fillmore Street / Indiana Street

Built:  1889 – 1890

Style:  Early American and Romanesque

Architect:   S E Maxon

Contractor:  Harry Wales


Description: The building faces south and is a two story red colored brick, stone and concrete  structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Sidney. The building has a small portico on the first story with eight short granite columns supporting three arches with pediment above. Behind the portico rises the three story square brick tower with dormers on the roof. A horizontal band of white colored stone runs above the first story windows and above the second story windows. The roof is hipped. In the interior there is the original oak staircase. The hallway runs north-south with a high ceiling. The County District Court courtroom is located at the southwest corner of the second story. The building houses the County District Court of the 4th Judicial District. 


See:  The architect S E Maxon also designed the courthouse in Adair County.


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Fremont County Courthouse


See:  The 4th Judicial District includes Audubon County, Cass CountyHarrison County, Mills CountyMontgomery CountyPage County, Pottawattamie County and Shelby County


History:  The county was created in 1847 and Austin was selected as the county seat in 1850 when the county was organized. The first court met in the storeroom of A H Argyle in Austin. In 1851 the county seat was moved to Sidney. The first courthouse was built in 1860 in Sidney at a cost of $40,000. The building was destroyed by arson in 1888 when blown up with gun powder. The second and present courthouse was constructed in 1889 to 1890.




County Courthouse – Sidney




























County District Court courtroom



















Photos taken 2008 and 2023