Buchanan County is named for James Buchanan, who was the fifteenth President of the United States.
Surrounding County Courthouses:
N – Fayette County
E – Delaware County
Created: December 21, 1837
Independence 1837 – present
County Courthouse – Independence
Location: 210 5th Avenue NE / 2nd Street NE
Built: 1938 – 1939
Style: Art Deco
Architect: Dougher, Rich & Woodburn of Des Moines
Contractor: C C Larsen & Sons Company of Council Bluffs
Description: The building faces west and is a three story buff colored brick and concrete structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Independence. The building is rectangular shaped and has five large windows on the second and third stories of the west front. Low wings extend on the south and north sides of the building. In the interior, the front entrance vestibule has two levels with the floor and steps covered in a pinkish gray colored marble. The walls are covered from floor to ceiling in polished Anamosa limestone squares. Fluted polished stone pilasters are located to either side of the front entrance doors. The central staircase is located midway along the east wall of the central corridor opposite the front entrance. The courtroom is located on the west side of the second story. The benches and all other wood elements in the courtroom are likely American walnut. A 5-foot tall wood paneled wainscoting set on a dark marble baseboard extends around the perimeter of the room. Above the wainscoting along the west side, the walls are finished with wide vertical strips of textured plaster painted dark red alternating with acoustic tile laid in wide vertical panels. The building houses the County District Court of the 1B Judicial District.
See: National Register of Historic Places – Buchanan County Courthouse
History: The county was created in 1837 and Independence was selected as the county seat in 1847. The first courthouse was a small wood structure built in 1847. The second courthouse was a brick structure built in 1857 at a cost of $10,000. The third courthouse was a two story structure built in 1888 at a cost of $7,500. The fourth and present courthouse was constructed in 1938 to 1939 at a cost of $254,000.
County Courthous – Independence
Photos taken 2008