Audubon County

US States / H-L / Iowa / Audubon County
Audubon

Audubon County is named for John James Audubon, who was a famous naturalist and who died in 1855.

 

Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Carroll County

E – Guthrie County

S – Cass County

W – Shelby County

 

Created:  January 15, 1851                    Map of Iowa highlighting Audubon County

County Seat:

Hamlin’s Grove  1851 – 1861

Exira                  1861 – 1879

Audubon            1879 – present

 

County Courthouse – Audubon

 

Location:  318 Leroy Street / Broadway Street

Built:  1938 – 1939

Style:  Art Deco and Moderne

Architect:  Keffer & Jones of Des Moines

Contractor:  J C Mayer of Clarion

 

Description: The building faces southwest and is a two story buff colored brick, limestone, glass and concrete structure. The rectangular shaped building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Audubon. The building has a raised Bedford limestone basement. The southwest front has wide vertical Bedford limestone dividers at the central section, separating the windows. The central entrance is framed by limestone. The roof line is flat. In the interior, the central corridors extend east-west for the length of the building. There are multi-colored terrazzo floors, marble wainscoting and acoustic tiles. The County District Court courtroom is located on the southwest side of the second story. Originally, the courtroom was decorated in dark wood tones and Art Deco ornamentation. The floor is covered in the original brown and rust-red colored asphalt title. The walls and ceiling are covered in plaster and the ceiling extends into the third story. The building houses the County District Court of the 4th Judicial District. The building was a Public Works Administration project. In 2024, the building was renovated (HVAC). The contractor was Graphite Construction of Des Moines.

 

See:  National Register of Historic Places – Audubon County Courthouse

 

See:  The 4th Judicial District includes Cass CountyFremont CountyHarrison County, Mills CountyMontgomery CountyPage County, Pottawattamie County and Shelby County

 

Old County Courthouse – Exira

 

Location:  200 East Washington Street / North Kilworth Street

Built:  1872 – 1874

Style:  Wood frame

Architect:  Exira Hall Company

Contractor:  Exira Hall Company

 

Description: The building faces south and is a two story white colored wood frame style structure. The rectangular shaped building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Exira. The building has a stone foundation. The entrance is located at the south side. The roof is hipped. In the interior, the county offices were located on the first story. Stairs at the rear ascended to the courtroom located on the second story. The building served as the courthouse until 1879. The building now houses the Audubon County Historical Society.

 

See:  National Register of Historic Places – Old Audubon County Courthouse

 

History:  The county was created in 1851 and Hamlin’s Grove was selected as the county seat. The first court met in a school house in Hamlin’s Grove. In 1861 the county seat was moved to Exira. The county used rented premises until the county seat issue was resolved. The first courthouse was built in Exira in 1872 at a cost of $2,200. In 1879 the county seat was moved to Audubon. A building was acquired in Audubon at a cost of $7,000 for use as the second courthouse. The building was demolished in 1939. The third and present courthouse was constructed in 1938 to 1939 at a cost of $133,000.

 

 

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County Courthouse – Audubon

 

 

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County District Court courtroom (renovation HVAC)

 

 

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Picture 1884 County Courthouse

 

 

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Photos taken 2008, 2023 and 2024