Adair County

US States / H-L / Iowa / Adair County

Adair County is named for John Adair, who was a general in the War of 1812 and eighth governor of Kentucky.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Guthrie County

E – Madison County

S – Union County and Adams County

W – Cass County


Created:  January 15, 1851                    Map of Iowa highlighting Adair County

County Seat:

Fontanelle  1856 – 1874

Greenfield  1874 – present


County Courthouse – Greenfield


Location:  400 Public Square / Iowa Street & 1st Street

Built:  1891 – 1892

Style:  Romanesque

Architect:  S E Maxon

Contractor:  H P Wind


Description: The building faces east and is a two story red colored brick structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Greenfield. The east front has a one story portico with three stone trimmed arches. Above is an arched window with a third story dormer and behind it a higher peaked roof. The base of the building is course white colored stone. The courtroom is located on the second story. The building houses the County District Court of the 4 Judicial District.


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Adair County Courthouse


See:  The 5B Judicial District includes Clarke CountyDecatur CountyLucas County, Ringold County, Taylor CountyUnion County and Wayne County.


History:  The county was created in 1851 and Fontanelle was selected as the county seat in 1856. The first courthouse was a small two story structure built in Fontanelle in 1856. The building was later used as a school and burned in 1910. The county seat was moved to Greenfield in 1874 and the second courthouse was a two story frame structure built in in 1874 at a cost of $8,000. The courthouse burned in 1889. An opera house served as the third courthouse. The fourth and present courthouse was constructed in 1891 to 1892 at a cost of $26,768.




County Courthouse – Greenfield

























Opera House – Greenfield

Photos taken 2008