Knox County

US States / H-L / Illinois / Knox County
Knox

Knox County is named for Henry Knox, who was a hero of the American Revolutionary War and was a Secretary of State under President George Washington.

 

Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Henry County

E – Stark County and Peoria County

S – Fulton County

W – Warren County and Mercer County

 

Created:    January 13, 1825                                                      Map of Illinois highlighting Knox County

County Seat:

Knoxville                     1831 – 1873

Galesburg                   1873 – present

 

County Courthouse – Galesburg

 

Location:  200 South Cherry Street / East Tompkins Street

Built:  1884 – 1886

Style:  Gothic

Architect:  Elijah E Myers of Philadelphia

Contractor:  Dawson & Anderson

 

Description: The building faces east and is a three story buff colored brick structure. The building is located on spacious landscaped grounds in the center of Galesburg with Standish Park on the west side. The east front has arched entrance. On the northeast corner is a large square tower rising five stories to clock with turrets on the corners and steep green colored roof which rises to a square top with smaller roof. The roof is hipped. The building houses the County Circuit Court of the 9th Judicial Circuit.

 

See:  The architect, Elijah E Myers of Philadelphia, also designed the now demolished courthouse in Seneca CountyOhio and in Illinois in Macoupin County and McDonough County in Indiana in Grant County and in Ohio in Lorain County.

 

Old County Courthouse – Knoxville

 

032f15

 

Location:  35 North Public Square / North Market Street

Built:  1839 – 1840

Style:  Greek Revival

Architect:  John Mandeville

Contractor:  Alvah Wheeler and Zelotes Cooley of Hancock County

 

Description: The building faces south and is a two story red colored brick structure. The building is rectangular and located on spacious grounds in the center of Knoxville. The south front has a large porch with four large white colored columns rising to a pediment at the roof line. The fluting on the exterior of the Doric columns is made out of plaster. On the second story is a balcony. On the center of the roof is an octagonal white colored cupola. Most of the interior woodwork is original made of pine and butternut. The old courtroom is located on the second story. The building was remodeled in 1858 by Zelotes Cooley of Hancock County.

 

Old County Hall of Records – Knoxville

 

044f15

 

Location:  33 North Public Square / North Market Street

Built:  1854 – 1855

Style:  Colonial Revival

Architect:  John Mandeville

Contractor:  Zelotes Cooley of Hancock County

 

Description: The building faces south and is a one story red colored brick structure. The building is located on spacious grounds in the center of Knoxville with the old courthouse on the east side. The south front has a projecting center section with framed entrance and pediment at the roof line. The walls are thick to provide a fireproof building. A wide cornice runs below the roof line. The building became the Public Library and is now the Knoxville City Hall.

 

See:  National Register of Historic Places – Old Knox County Courthouse / Old Hall of Records

 

See:  The 9th Judicial District includes Fulton CountyHancock CountyHenderson CountyMcDonough County and Warren County

 

History:  The county was created in 1830 and Knoxville was selected as the county seat in 1831. The first commissioners met at the home of Joh R Gum in Henderson which changed to Knoxville. The first courthouse was a two story log structure built in 1831 at a cost of $395. The second courthouse was constructed in 1839 to 1840 at a cost of $15,450 and is still standing. The Hall of Records was built in 1854 to 1855 and is still standing. The county seat was moved to Galesburg in 1873 and the third story of the Galesburg Opera House erected by Charles Brechwald in 1870 was urented. The building was destroyed by fire on December 30, 1886. The third and present courthouse was constructed in 1884 to 1886.

 

 

1648k07

County Courthouse - Galesburg 

 

 

1649k07

 

 

1651k07

 

 

1652k07

 

 

033f15

Old County Courthouse – Knoxville

 

 

034f15

 

 

037f15

 

 

038f15

 

 

036f15

 

 

040f15

 

 

041f15

 

 

043f15

Old Hall of Records – Knoxville

 

 

045f15

 

 

046f15

Photos taken 2007 and 2015